What medical facts should lay people be aware of?

Medicine

  1. Normal Vital signs in human adults:

    Temperature

  • Rectal (most accurate) / Aural (the ear) is 99.6 F/ 37.7 C
  • Oral is 98.6 F / 37 C

Blood pressure: systolic (100-120 mmHg), diastolic below (80 mm Hg)

Pulse: normal resting pulse can range between 60-100 beats per minute. This number is decreased in athletes.

2. The immune system is very complex and can fight many diseases on its own.

3. Persistent headache is something that should encourage you to see your doctor ASAP.

4. Cleanliness and good general hygiene reduces you chances of getting sick. Hand washing is essential.

5. Medicine cannot cure everything, in fact, medicine helps relieving the signs and symptoms of a disease more often.

6. Patient-Doctor relation is very important. If you don’t feel comfortable with your doctor, try seeing someone else. Your doctor will most likely be not offended by this.

7. Psychological health is as important as physical health, and many of the diseases that we still don’t truly understand maybe caused by stress.

8. Sport is essential for the body and the mind. I cannot stress this enough!

9. Natural and healthy diet is vital for overall well being.

10. Many sources of medical information online are not very accurate. You must discuss any question with your doctor, and never feel shy about anything.  A doctor job is to help not make fun of patients.

11. In case of an emergency: call for help. If the patient needs CPR, you can follow the steps here:
http://depts.washington.edu/lear…
More details here: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health…

Dentistry

1. See your dentist at least twice a year. He can spot small carries or lesions and eliminate the need for more invasive procedures, whether the problem is in the teeth or other parts in the oral cavity.

2. Plaque control is the most effective way to carries-free mouth; brush, floss and uses mouth rinses that contain fluoride.

3. If you feel pain in your tooth, visit your dentist as soon as possible, you could still have your tooth fixed without root canal treatment if the lesion did not reach the pulp.

4. Diet that contains huge amounts of sugar will cause carries. But most importantly, the frequency of consumption is of a greater impact. If you eat chocolate 5 times a day for instance, your teeth will have greater chance of becoming decayed than eating chocolate once.

5. Children should visit the dentist as soon they have teeth ( around 6 months). Don’t wait until all teeth are erupted. Your dentist can help and show you how to take care of your child’s teeth while he/she still can’t.

6. Putting aspirin on a painful tooth will cause ulceration of the mucosa.

7. In case of teeth injury such as avulsion … do not wipe the tooth if it falls on the ground because you could damage root (PDL) cells. Leave this to your dentist. You have a golden period between 30-60 min. After that, chances of successful re-implantation of the avulsed tooth decrease.
Many pharmacies sell ready to use storage Medias that you can store the avulsed tooth in. Every house should have one of these IMHO.

Medications

1. Keep medication away from children.

2. No medication is completely safe, everything has side effects.

3. Following the instruction of each medication is vital for correct results.

4. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) should never be given with alcohol; this will damage your liver. [Never drink alcohol with any medication as a general rule].

5. NSAIDS (aspirin, naproxen, ibuprofen…etc) can cause ulcers in the GI tract. Do not eat it on empty stomach.

6. Aspirin will affect blood clotting.

7. Adhere to antibiotic doses, and NEVER stop if you feel better. Finish the whole regime prescribed by your doctor.

8. Antiviral medications are different from antibiotics. Antiviral are effective against viruses whereas antibiotics are effective against disease caused by bacteria.

9. Don’t experiment with herbal products without consulting your doctor, they may interact with your medication and cause serious side effects.

Source:

Obada

Quora

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